9.8 x 12.5 Antique Heriz Carpet With Caucasian Dragon Carpet Design, Northwest Persia, Circa 1915
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This highly distinctive antique Heriz carpet was woven in the northwest Persian province called Azerbaijan. Given the contiguous nature of this region with the Caucasus Mountain region of southern Russia, sharing of designs back and forth between the two regions is sometimes seen. In this case, the Dragon Carpet format, made famous by the Caucasian Dragon Carpets woven during the 17th to 19th centuries, if not earlier, is rendered in a range of colors including brick red, coral, green, sky blue and yellow-camel on a navy blue field. A yellow-camel Turtle design border frames the field.
Northwest Persia and the Caucasus are regions with borders that changed over the years, with various conquests and, in more recent memory, the advent and later dissolution of the Soviet Union. At one point, parts of the Caucasus were incorporated into Safavid Dynasty (1501- 1722) Persia, which makes the sharing of designs between the regions all the more understandable.
Examples of antique Caucasian Dragon carpets are included in the holdings of The Metropolitan Museum Of Art in New York City, including an example attributed to the 19th century in the Joseph V. McMullan Collection and two other examples attributed to the 17th century in the James F. Ballard Collection.